brain imagery


Steven L. Small, M.D., Ph.D.

Chair of Neurology

Steven Small studied mathematics at Dartmouth College, and then studied cognitive science at the University of Maryland, receiving his Ph.D. in computer science in 1980. After a year as a Fulbright Lecturer in Artificial Intelligence at the University of Paris, France, he taught computer science and psychology at the University of Rochester, and then attended medical school there, receiving the M.D. degree in 1987. His neurology residency was completed at the University of Pittsburgh, where he then served as Assistant Professor of Neurology, Intelligent Systems, Psychology, and Communication Sciences and Disorders. While continuing his work in computer models of human cognitive function, and extending it to the study of dysfunction, particularly stroke, Dr. Small also began the empirical study of language and motor function in the brain using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). He is currently Professor in the Departments of Neurology and Psychology, a Member of the Committees on Neurobiology and Computational Neuroscience, and a Senior Fellow of the Computational Institute at The University of Chicago. He is the Editor in Chief of the international Journal Brain and Language. His research investigates the basic neurobiology and rehabilitation of language disorders and hand motor function.

Selected Publications

Small, S. L. (2008). The neuroscience of language. Brain and Language, 106(1), 1-3.

Robinson, R. G., Jorge, R. E., Moser, D. J., Acion, L., Solodkin, A., Small, S. L., Fonzetti, P., Hegel, M., & Arndt, S. (2008). Escitalopram and problem-solving therapy for prevention of poststroke depression: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA, 299(20), 2391-2400.

Hasson, U., & Small, S. L. (2008). Neurobiology of Semantics. In Hogan, P. C. (Ed.), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the Language Sciences. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Skipper, J. I., Goldin-Meadow, S., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2007). Speech-associated gestures, Broca's area, and the human mirror system. Brain and Language, 101(3), 260-277.

Hasson, U., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2007). Brain networks subserving the extraction of sentence information and its encoding to memory. Cerebral Cortex, 17(12), 2899-2913.

Skipper, J. I., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2006). Lending a helping hand to hearing: A motor theory of speech perception. In Arbib, M. A. (Ed.), Action To Language via the Mirror Neuron System (pp. 250-286). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Skipper, J. I., van Wassenhove, V., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2007). Hearing lips and seeing voices: how cortical areas supporting speech production mediate audiovisual speech perception. Cerebral Cortex, 17(10), 2387-2399.

Small, S. L. (2004). Pharmacological Approaches to the Treatment of Aphasia. In Kent, R. D. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Speech and Language Disorders (pp. 257-260). Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.

Small, S. L. (2004). Therapeutics in cognitive and behavioral neurology. Annals of Neurology, 56(1), 5-7.

Solodkin, A., Hlustik, P., Chen, E. E., & Small, S. L. (2004). Fine Modulation in Network Activation during Motor Execution and Motor Imagery. Cerebral Cortex, 14(11), 1246-1255.

Hlustik, P., Solodkin, A., Gullapalli, R. P., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (2001). Somatotopy in human primary motor and somatosensory hand areas revisited. Cerebral Cortex, 11(4), 312-321.

Burton, M. W., Small, S. L., & Blumstein, S. E. (2000). The Role of Segmentation in Phonological Processing: An fMRI Investigation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(4), 679-690.

Small, S. L. (2000). The Future of Aphasia Treatment. Brain and Language, 71(1), 227-232.