brain imagery



Solodkin, A., & Gomez, C.M. (2011). Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6. Handbook of Clinical Neurology 103, 461-473.

Tremblay, P., & Small, S.L. (2011). Motor response selection in overt sentence production: a functional MRI study. Frontiers in Psychology 2(253).

Mikami, K., Jorge, R.E., Moser, D.J., Arndt, S., Jang, M., Solodkin, A., Small, S.L. Fonzetti, P., Hegel, M.T., & Robinson, R.G. (2011). Increased Frequencey of First-Episode Poststroke Depression After Discontinuation of Escitalopram. Stroke. E-publication before print.

Tremblay P., & Small, S.L. (2011). On the context-dependent nature of the contribution of the ventral premotor cortex to speech perception. NeuroImage 57(4), 1561-1571.

Solodkin A., Peri, E., Chen, E.E., Ben-Jacob, E., & Gomez, C.M. (2011). Loss of Intrinsic Organization of Cerebellar Networks in Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 1: Correlates with Disease Severity and Duration. Cerebellum 10(2), 218-232.

Tremblay, P., & Small, S.L. (2011). The First Neurobiology of LAnguage Conference: NLC 2009. Brain and Language, 117(3), 101-102.

Tremblay, P., & Small, S.L. (2011). From language comprehension to action understanding and back again. Cerebral Cortex, 21(5), 1166-1177.

Cooper, E.A., Hasson, U., & Small, S.L. (2011). Interpretation-mediated changes in neural activity during language comprehension. NeuroImage 55(3), 1314-1323.

Small, S.L., Buccino, G., & Solodkin A. (2010). The mirror neuron system and treatment of stroke. Developmental Psychobiology. E-publication before print.

Yourganov, G., Chen, X., Lukic, A. S., Grady, C. L., Small, S. L., Wernick, M. N., et al. (2010). Dimensionality estimation for optimal detection of functional networks in BOLD fMRI data. NeuroImage, 56(2), 531-543.

Solodkin, A., Hasson, U., Siugzdaite, R., Schiel, M., Chen, E. E., Kotter, R., et al. (2010). Virtual Brain Transplantation (VBT): A method for accurate image registration and parcellation in large cortical stroke. Archives Italiennes de Biologie, 148(3), 219-241.

Schmah, T., Yourganov, G., Zemel, R. S., Hinton, G. E., Small, S. L., & Strother, S. C. (2010). Comparing classification methods for longitudinal fMRI studies. Neural Computation, 22(11), 2729-2762.

Raja Beharelle, A., Dick, A. S., Josse, G., Solodkin, A., Huttenlocher, P. R., Levine, S. C., et al. (2010). Left hemisphere regions are critical for language in the face of early left focal brain injury. Brain, 133(6), 1707-1716.

Lyons, I. M., Mattarella-Micke, A., Cieslak, M., Nusbaum, H. C., Small, S. L., & Beilock, S. L. (2010). The role of personal experience in the neural processing of action-related language. Brain and Language, 112(3), 214-222.

Lee, J., Fowler, R., Rodney, D., Cherney, L., & Small, S. L. (2010). IMITATE: An intensive computer-based treatment for aphasia based on action observation and imitation. Aphasiology, 24(4), 449-465.

Dick, A. S., Solodkin, A., & Small, S. L. (2010). Neural development of networks for audiovisual speech comprehension. Brain and Language, 114(2), 101-114.

Dick, A. S., & Hasson, U. (2010). Outsourcing neuroimaging data analysis. Implications for scientific accountability and issues in the public interest. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(1), 2-4.

Cherney, L. R., Erickson, R. K., & Small, S. L. (2010). Epidural cortical stimulation as adjunctive treatment for non-fluent aphasia: Preliminary findings. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 81(9), 1014-1021.

Andric, M., & Small, S. L. (2010). Functional imaging of putative human mirror neuron systems in neurological disease. Experimental Neurology, 221(1), 5-9.

Kenny, S., Andric M., Boker S.M., Neale M.C., Wilde M., Small S.L. (2009). Parallel workflows for data-driven structural equation modeling in functional neuroimaging. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics, 3(34).

Small, S. L., Wilde, M., Kenny, S., Andric, M., & Hasson, U. (2009). Database-managed Grid-enabled analysis of neuroimaging data: The CNARI framework. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 73(1), 62-72.

Small, S. L., & Llano, D. A. (2009). Biological approaches to aphasia treatment. Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, 9(6), 443-450.

Small, S. L. (2009). A biological basis for aphasia treatment: Mirror neurons and observation-execution matching. Poznan Studies in Contemporary Linguistics, 45(2), 313-326.

Skipper, J. I., Goldin-Meadow, S., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2009). Gestures Orchestrate Brain Networks for Language Understanding. Current Biology, 19(8), 661-667.

Hasson, U., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2009). Task-dependent organization of brain regions active during rest. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(26), 10841-10846.

Dick, A. S., Goldin-Meadow, S., Hasson, U., Skipper, J. I., & Small, S. L. (2009). Co-speech gestures influence neural activity in brain regions associated with processing semantic information. Human Brain Mapping, 30(11), 3509-3526.

Walsh, R. R., Small, S. L., Chen, E. E., & Solodkin, A. (2008). Network activation during bimanual movements in humans. NeuroImage, 43(3), 540-553.

Small, S. L. (2008). The neuroscience of language. Brain and Language, 106(1), 1-3.

Robinson, R. G., Jorge, R. E., Moser, D. J., Acion, L., Solodkin, A., Small, S. L., et al. (2008). Escitalopram and problem-solving therapy for prevention of poststroke depression: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, 299(20), 2391-2400.

Patton, J., Small, S. L., & Rymer, W. Z. (2008). Functional restoration for the stroke survivor: Informing the efforts of engineers. Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation, 15(6), 521-541.

Milton, J., Small, S. L., & Solodkin, A. (2008). Imaging motor imagery: Methodological issues related to expertise. Methods, 45(4), 336-341.

Hasson, U., Skipper, J. I., Wilde, M. J., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2008). Improving the analysis, storage and sharing of neuroimaging data using relational databases and distributed computing. NeuroImage, 39(2), 693-706.

Beilock, S. L., Lyons, I. M., Mattarella-Micke, A., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2008). Sports experience changes the neural processing of action language. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 105(36), 13269-13273.

Sun, J., Deghmane, A. E., Soualhine, H., Hong, T., Bucci, C., Solodkin, A., et al. (2007). Mycobacterium bovis BCG disrupts the interaction of Rab7 with RILP contributing to inhibition of phagosome maturation. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 82(6), 1437-1445.

Stef-Praun, T., Clifford, B., Foster, I., Hasson, U., Hategan, M., Small, S. L., et al. (2007). Accelerating medical research using the swift workflow system. Studies in health technology and informatics, 126, 207-216.

Skipper, J. I., Van Wassenhove, V., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2007). Hearing lips and seeing voices: How cortical areas supporting speech production mediate audiovisual speech perception. Cerebral Cortex, 17(10), 2387-2399.

Skipper, J. I., Goldin-Meadow, S., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2007). Speech-associated gestures, Broca's area, and the human mirror system. Brain and Language, 101(3), 260-277.

Milton, J., Solodkin, A., Hlustik, P., & Small, S. L. (2007). The mind of expert motor performance is cool and focused. NeuroImage, 35(2), 804-813.

Karunanayaka, P. R., Holland, S. K., Schmithorst, V. J., Solodkin, A., Chen, E. E., Szaflarski, J. P., et al. (2007). Age-related connectivity changes in fMRI data from children listening to stories. NeuroImage, 34(1), 349-360.

Hasson, U., Skipper, J. I., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2007). Abstract Coding of Audiovisual Speech: Beyond Sensory Representation. Neuron, 56(6), 1116-1126.

Hasson, U., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2007). Brain networks subserving the extraction of sentence information and its encoding to memory. Cerebral Cortex, 17(12), 2899-2913.

Ertelt, D., Small, S., Solodkin, A., Dettmers, C., McNamara, A., Binkofski, F., et al. (2007). Action observation has a positive impact on rehabilitation of motor deficits after stroke. NeuroImage, 36(SUPPL. 2), T164-T173.

Chen, E. E., & Small, S. L. (2007). Test-retest reliability in fMRI of language: Group and task effects. Brain and Language, 102(2), 176-185.

Solodkin, A., Buccino, G., & Small, S. L. (2006). The neurobiology of hand motor recovery after stroke. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 19(4), 175-176.

Keene, J. R., Buckley, K. M., Small, S., & Geldzahler, G. (2006). Accidental Intra-Arterial Injection: A Case Report, New Treatment Modalities, and a Review of the Literature. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 64(6), 965-968.

Hasson, U., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2006). Repetition suppression for spoken sentences and the effect of task demands. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18(12), 2013-2029.

Goldman, M. B., Heidinger, L., Kulkarni, K., Zhu, D. C., Chien, A., McLaren, D. G., et al. (2006). Changes in the amplitude and timing of the hemodynamic response associated with prepulse inhibition of acoustic startle. NeuroImage, 32(3), 1375-1384.

Cherney, L. R., & Small, S. L. (2006). Task-dependent changes in brain activation following therapy for nonfluent aphasia: Discussion of two individual cases. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 12(6), 828-842.

Burton, M. W., & Small, S. L. (2006). Functional neuroanatomy of segmenting speech and nonspeech. Cortex, 42(4), 644-651.

Buccino, G., Solodkin, A., & Small, S. L. (2006). Functions of the mirror neuron system: Implications for neurorehabilitation. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 19(1), 55-63.

Bhimani, A. A., Hlustik, P., Small, S. L., & Solodkin, A. (2006). Complex motor function in humans: Validating and extending the postulates of Alexandr R. Luria. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology, 19(1), 11-20.

Skipper, J. I., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2005). Listening to talking faces: Motor cortical activation during speech perception. NeuroImage, 25(1), 76-89.

Bonthius, D. J., Solodkin, A., & Van Hoesen, G. W. (2005). Pathology of the insular cortex in Alzheimer disease depends on cortical architecture. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 64(10), 910-922.

Wong, P. C. M., Nusbaum, H. C., & Small, S. L. (2004). Neural bases of talker normalization. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(7), 1173-1184.

Solodkin, A., Hlustik, P., Chen, E. E., & Small, S. L. (2004). Fine modulation in network activation during motor execution and motor imagery. Cerebral Cortex, 14(11), 1246-1255.

Small, S. L., & Nusbaum, H. C. (2004). On the neurobiological investigation of language understanding in context. Brain and Language, 89(2), 300-311.

Small, S. L. (2004). A biological model of aphasia rehabilitation: Pharmacological perspectives. Aphasiology, 18(5-7), 473-492.

Small, S. L. (2004). Therapeutics in cognitive and behavioral neurology. Annals of Neurology, 56(1), 5-7.

Norris, C. J., Chen, E. E., Zhu, D. C., Small, S. L., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2004). The interaction of social and emotional processes in the brain. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16(10), 1818-1829.

Milton, J. G., Small, S. S., & Solodkin, A. (2004). On the road to automatic: Dynamic aspects in the development of expertise. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 21(3), 134-143.

Milton, J. G., Small, S. L., & Solodkin, A. (2004). Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Guest editorial. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 21(3), 133.

Hlustik, P., Solodkin, A., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (2004). Cortical plasticity during three-week motor skill learning. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology, 21(3), 180-191.

Hlustik, P., Solodkin, A., & Small, S. L. (2003). Organization of human motor and somatosensory areas in the control of movement. Ceska a Slovenska Neurologie a Neurochirurgie, 66(2), 87-94.

Small, S. L., Hlustik, P., Noll, D. C., Genovese, C., & Solodkin, A. (2002). Cerebellar hemispheric activation ipsilateral to the paretic hand correlates with functional recovery after stroke. Brain, 125(7), 1544-1557.

Small, S. L., & Burton, M. W. (2002). Functional magnetic resonance imaging studies of language. Current neurology and neuroscience reports, 2(6), 505-510.

Hlustik, P., Solodkin, A., Gullapalli, R. P., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (2002). Functional lateralization of the human premotor cortex during sequential movements. Brain and Cognition, 49(1), 54-62.

Solodkin, A., Hlustik, P., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (2001). Lateralization of motor circuits and handedness during finger movements. European Journal of Neurology, 8(5), 425-434.

Nusbaum, H. C., Skipper, J. I., & Small, S. L. (2001). A sensory-attentional account of speech perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 24(5), 995-996.

Hlustik, P., Solodkin, A., Gullapalli, R. P., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (2001). Somatotopy in human primary motor and somatosensory hand representations revisited. Cerebral Cortex, 11(4), 312-321.

Burton, M. W., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (2001). The anatomy of auditory word processing: Individual variability. Brain and Language, 77(1), 119-131.

Small, S. L. (2000). The future of aphasia treatment. Brain and Language, 71(1), 227-232.

Hlustik, P., Solodkin, A., Gullapalli, R. P., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (2000). Hand motor skill learning generalizes anatomically and behaviorally. NeuroImage, 11(5 PART II).

Harris, A. E., Ermentrout, G. B., & Small, S. L. (2000). A model of ocular dominance column development by competition for trophic factor: Effects of excess trophic factor with monocular deprivation and effects of antagonist of trophic factor. Journal of Computational Neuroscience, 8(3), 227-250.

Cummings, D. M., Emge, D. K., Small, S. L., & Margolis, F. L. (2000). Pattern of olfactory bulb innervation returns after recovery from reversible peripheral deafferentation. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 421(3), 362-373.

Burton, M. W., Small, S. L., & Blumstein, S. E. (2000). The role of segmentation in phonological processing: An fMRI investigation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 12(4), 679-690.

Bergey, G. K., Small, S. L., & Eisenberg, H. M. (2000). Functional magnetic resonance imaging localization of motor function. Archives of Neurology, 57(5), 749.

Small, S. L., Burton, M. W., Perfetti, C. A., & Noll, D. C. (1999). Sentence listening with and without responding. Brain and Language, 69(3), 325-328.

Hlustik, P., Solodkin, A., Gullapalli, R. P., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (1999). Somatotopy of human primary motor hand area revisited. NeuroImage, 9(6 PART II).

Burton, M. W., & Small, S. L. (1999). An introduction to functional magnetic resonance imaging. Neurologist, 5(3), 145-158.

Solodkin, A., Hlustik, P., Gullapalli, R. P., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (1998). Functional brain asymmetries and handedness: Whole brain fMRI during complex movements. NeuroImage, 7(4 PART II).

Small, S. L., & Solodkin, A. (1998). The neurobiology of stroke rehabilitation. Neuroscientist, 4(6), 426-434.

Small, S. L., Flores, D. K., & Noll, D. C. (1998). Different neural circuits subserve reading before and after therapy for acquired dyslexia. Brain and Language, 62(2), 298-308.

McNeil, M. R., Doyle, P. J., Spencer, K., Goda, A. J., Flores, D., & Small, S. L. (1998). Effects of training multiple form classes on acquisition, generalization and maintenance of word retrieval in a single subject. Aphasiology, 12(7-8), 575-585.

Kendall, D. L., McNeil, M. R., & Small, S. L. (1998). Rule-based treatment for acquired phonological dyslexia. Aphasiology, 12(7-8), 587-600.

Hlustik, P., Solodkin, A., Gullapalli, R. P., Noll, B. C., & Small, S. L. (1998). Whole brain fMRI motor activation: Simple and complex movements. NeuroImage, 7(4 PART II).

Hlustik, P., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (1998). Suppression of vascular artifacts in functional magnetic resonance images using MR angiograms. NeuroImage, 7(3), 224-231.

Emge, Darren K., Gullapalli, Rao P., & Small, Steven L. (1998). Requirements of functional imaging for future radiological systems. Journal of Digital Imaging, 11(3 Suppl 1), 201-202.

Burfon, M. W., Perfetti, C. A., Gullapalli, R. P., Noll, D. C., & Small, S. L. (1998). Functional magnetic resonance imaging of auditory sentence processing. NeuroImage, 7(4 PART II).

Small, S. L. (1997). Semantic category imprecision: A connectionist study of the boundaries of word meanings. Brain and Language, 57(2), 181-194.

Small, S. L. (1997). Computer models of language disorders. Brain and Language, 59(1), 1-3.

Reed, L. A., Grabowski, T. J., Schmidt, M. L., Morris, J. C., Goate, A., Solodkin, A., et al. (1997). Autosomal dominant dementia with widespread neurofibrillary tangles. Annals of Neurology, 42(4), 564-572.

Paterson, D. L., Gayowski, T., Singh, N., Small, S. L., & Eidelman, B. H. (1997). Could a herpesvirus mimic tacrolimus-induced leukoencephalopathy? [1] (multiple letters). Annals of Neurology, 42(2), 270.

McNeil, M. R., Doyle, P. J., Spencer, K. A., Jackson Goda, A., Flores, D., & Small, S. L. (1997). A double-blind, placebo-controlled study of pharmacological and behavioural treatment of lexical-semantic deficits in aphasia. Aphasiology, 11(4-5), 385-400.

Harris, A. E., Ermentrout, G. B., & Small, S. L. (1997). A model of ocular dominance column development by competition for trophic factor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 94(18), 9944-9949.

Craver, C. F., & Small, S. L. (1997). Subcortical aphasia and the problem of attributing functional responsibility to parts of distributed brain processes. Brain and Language, 58(3), 427-435; discussion 436-458.

Witt, T. C., Kondziolka, D., Baumann, S. B., Noll, D. C., Small, S. L., & Dade Limsford, L. (1996). Preoperative cortical localization with functional MRI for use in stereotactic radiosurgery. Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery, 66(1-3), 24-29.

Traub, R. J., Silva, E., Gebhart, G. F., & Solodkin, A. (1996). Noxious colorectal distention induced-c-Fos protein in limbic brain structures in the rat. Neuroscience Letters, 215(3), 165-168.

Solodkin, A., Veldhuizen, S. D., & Van Hoesen, G. W. (1996). Contingent vulnerability of entorhinal parvalbumin-containing neurons in Alzheimer's disease. Journal of Neuroscience, 16(10), 3311-3321.

Small, S. L., Noll, D. C., Perfetti, C. A., Hlustik, P., Wellington, R., & Schneider, W. (1996). Localizing the lexicon for reading aloud: Replication of a PET study using fMRI. NeuroReport, 7(4), 961-965.

Small, S. L., Fukui, M. B., Bramblett, G. T., & Eidelman, B. H. (1996). Immunosuppression-induced leukoencephalopathy from tacrolimus (FK506). Annals of Neurology, 40(4), 575-580.

Alper, G., & Small, S. L. (1996). Cerebrospinal fluid after organ transplantation. Transplantation Proceedings, 28(5), 2970-2973.

Van Hoesen, G. W., Solodkin, A., & Hyman, B. T. (1995). Neuroanatomy of Alzheimer's disease: Hierarchical vulnerability and neural system compromise. Neurobiology of Aging, 16(3), 278-280.

Small, S. L., Hart, J., Nguyen, T., & Gordon, B. (1995). Distributed representations of semantic knowledge in the brain. Brain, 118(2), 441-453.

Traub, R. J., Solodkin, A., & Gebhart, G. F. (1994). NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry provides evidence for a bilateral, somatotopically inappropriate response to unilateral hindpaw inflammation in the rat. Brain Research, 647(1), 113-123.

Small, S. L., & Hoffman, G. E. (1994). Neuroanatomical Lateralization of Language: Sexual Dimorphism and the Ethology of Neural Computation. Brain and Cognition, 26(2), 300-311.

Small, S. L., Fukui, M. B., & Reinmuth, O. M. (1994). What is a 'normal anatomic variant'? Transient left lateral medullary ischemia in a patient with a fenestrated left vertebral artery. Neurology, 44(7), 1358-1359.

Small, S. L. (1994). Commentary. Metaphors and models in the neuropsychiatry of language. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 182(4), 216-219.

Small, S. L. (1994). Pharmacotherapy of aphasia: A critical review. Stroke, 25(6), 1282-1289.

Small, S. L. (1994). Connectionist networks and language disorders. Journal of Communication Disorders, 27(4), 305-323.

Van Hoesen, G. W., & Solodkin, A. (1993). Some modular features of temporal cortex in humans as revealed by pathological changes in Alzheimer's disease. Cerebral Cortex, 3(5), 465-475.

Traub, R. J., Solodkin, A., & Ruda, M. A. (1989). Calcitonin gene-related peptide immunoreactivity in the cat lumbosacral spinal cord and the effects of multiple dorsal rhizotomies. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 287(2), 225-237.

Small, S. L., & Muechler, E. K. (1989). Heuristic determination of relevant diagnostic procedures in a medical expert system for gynecology. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 161(1), 17-24.



Small, Steven, Cottrell, Gary, & Shastri, Lokendra. (1982). TOWARD CONNECTIONIST PARSING.


Rieger, C., & Small, S. (1981). Toward a theory of distributed word expert natural language parsing. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 11(1), 43-51.